Vernacular Name:Gurjo, Garuchlatti, Sudarsan, Guduchi
Distribution:NE India, S India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, S China, Malaya,
Parts used:Leaves, stem
Description: Pubescent twiners or climber, much larger than Tinospora cordifolia; stem terete with scatterd lanticles and prominent leaf scars, bark loose, grey, papery when mature. Leaves long-petioled, alternate, broadly ovate-cordate, entire or sinutely 3-5 lobed, to 15 * 12 cm, densely pubescent on both sides. Flowers unisexual in long, pendant, dioecious spikes mostly from the axils of fallen leaves; sepals 3+3 free; petals 6; stamens 6 in male flowers. Carpels 3 in female flowers. Fruit an aggregate of 1-3 ovoid druplets which turn reddish white.
Use: Plant is a tonic. Leaf juice is useful in gonorrhoea. Fresh leaves and stems are used in chronic rheumatism. other uses are almost similar to that of Tinospora cordifolia.
Application: Juice, extract-Giloin, Gilenin, tinosporine
Reference: Sivarajan and Balachandran 1999; Joshi 2000; Joshi and Joshi 2001; Rajbhandari 2001, A Compendium of Medicinal Plants in Nepal by Sushim Ranjan Baral and Puran Prasad Kurmi 2006,