Juniperus Recurva Leaves

Subfamiliae: Cupressoideae
Genus: Juniperus
Sectio: Juniperus sect. Sabina
Species: Juniperus recurva


Juniperus recurva is a large shrub or tree reaching 6-20 m tall (rarely 25 m), with a trunk up to 2 m diameter and a broadly conical to rounded or irregular crown. The leaves are needle-like, 5-10 mm long, arranged in six ranks in alternating whorls of three.

The cones are berry-like, globose to ovoid, 5-10 mm long and 4-7 mm diameter, glossy blue-black, and contain one seed.they are mature in about 18 months. The male cones are 3-4 mm long, and shed their pollen in early spring. It is largely monoecious with pollen and seed cones produced on the same plants.

Material uses

The wood and leaves are used as an incense. The resinous twigs are burnt as an incense . The leaves contain about 1.7% essential oil.


There are two varieties, treated as distinct species by some botanists:

Juniperus recurva var. recurva - leaves mostly 5-8 mm. Throughout the range.

Juniperus recurva var. coxii - leaves mostly 7-10 mm. Confined to the eastern Himalaya on high rainfall sites.


Juniperus recurva is planted as an Ornamental Tree in western Europe, valued for its drooping foliage, particularly pendulous in thecultiver 'Castlewellan'.



  • Conifer Specialist Group (1998). Juniperus recurva. 2006.  Retrieved on 12 May 2006.
  • Adams, R. P. Junipers of the World: The genus Juniperus. Victoria: Trafford, 2004.