Zanthoxylum alatum

Botanical Name:Zanthoxylum alatum / Prickly ash


 HABITAT : The plant is found in the hot valleys of Himalaya from 600 to 1800m.


GENERAL INFORMATIONS : Zanthoxylum armatum, the Winged Prickly Ash tree is a member of the Citrus family Rutaceae. Tomar tree is indigenous to Eastern Asia to China along the Himalayas and few other parts of India. The essential oil is extracted from the seeds of this tree through steam distillation method. The naturally spicy, warm, woody, peppery, rich and floral aroma has made its use remarkable since the pre-historic period. Timur fruits are used as spices, condiments, medicine and as flavoring agents for soups and many other conventional dishes. It is used as a trusted remedy for treating cough, stomach problems, common cold, toothache and fever.


it is used in many chronic problems such a rheumatism and skin diseases; chilblains, cramp in the leg, varicose veins and v aricose ulcers.

-It is also used for low blood pressure, fever, and inflammation.

-Externally it may be used as a stimulation liniment for rheumatism and fibrositis.

-It has a stimulating effect upon the lymphatic system, circulation and mucous membranes.

-used to cure arthritis, cholera and toothache.

-it is wonderful for an upset stomach, menstrual cramps, pain and muscle spasms.

- It is also very healing for allergies, colds and flu, especially if the person is experiencing aches and pains, coughing and difficulty sleeping.  

-Various studies indicated that it possesses anti-larvicidal, antifungal, hepatoprotective properties.        



1.Pharmacological basis for the medicinal use of Zanthoxylum armatum in gut, airways and cardiovascular disorders

Syed Naeemuddin Gilani1,2, Arif-ullah Khan1,3 and Anwarul Hassan Gilani1,*

Article first published online: 29 DEC 2009 ,DOI: 10.1002/ptr.2979 Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

 This study describes the gut, airways and cardiovascular modulatory activities of Zanthoxylum armatum DC. (Rutaceae) to rationalize some of its medicinal uses. The crude extract of Zanthoxylum armatum (Za.Cr) caused concentration-dependent relaxation of spontaneous and high K+ (80mM)-induced contractions in isolated rabbit jejunum, being more effective against K+ and suggestive of Ca++ antagonist effect, which was confirmed when pretreatment of the tissues with Za.Cr shifted Ca++ concentration-response curves to the right, like that caused by verapamil. Za.Cr inhibited the castor-oil-induced diarrhea in mice at 300–1000mg/kg. In rabbit tracheal preparations, Za.Cr relaxed the carbachol (1μM) and high K+-induced contractions, in a pattern similar to that of verapamil. In isolated rabbit aortic rings, Za.Cr exhibited vasodilator effect against phenylephrine (1μM) and K+-induced contractions. When tested in guinea pig atria, Za.Cr caused inhibition of both atrial force and rate of spontaneous contractions, like that caused by verapamil. These results indicate that Zanthoxylum armatum exhibits spasmolytic effects, mediapossibly through Ca++ antagonist mechanism, which provides pharmacological base for its medicinal use in the gastrointestinal, respiratory and cardiovascular disorders. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.